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Barium Evaporation Material (Ba)

Barium Evaporation Material (Ba)
Material Type Barium
Symbol Ba
Atomic Weight 137.327
Atomic Number 56
Color/Appearance Silvery White, Metallic
Thermal Conductivity 18 W/m.K
Melting Point (°C) 725
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 20.6 x 10-6/K
Theoretical Density (g/cc) 3.5
Z Ratio 2.1
E-Beam Fair
Thermal Evaporation Techniques Boat:  W, Ta, Mo
Coil:  W
Basket:  W
Crucible:  Metals
Temp. (°C) for Given Vap. Press. (Torr) 10-8:  545
10-6:  627
10-4:  735
UN Number 1400
Comments Wets without alloying, reacts with ceramics.  Not recommended for sputtering.


Barium is a chemical element with symbol Ba and atomic number 56. It is the fifth element in group 2 and is a soft, silvery alkaline earth metal. Because of its high chemical reactivity, barium is never found in nature as a free element. The most common naturally occurring minerals of barium are barite (barium sulfate, BaSO4) and witherite (barium carbonate, BaCO3), both insoluble in water. Barium has few industrial applications. Historically, it was used as a getter for vacuum tubes and in oxide form as the emissive coating on indirectly heated cathodes. It is a component of YBCO (high-temperature superconductors) and electroceramics, and is added to steel and cast iron to reduce the size of carbon grains within the microstructure. Barium compounds are added to fireworks to impart a green color. Barium sulfate is used as an insoluble additive to oil well drilling fluid, as well as in a purer form, as X-ray radiocontrast agents for imaging the human gastrointestinal tract.

Material Notes

AEM Deposition provides Barium pieces and Barium powder for sale, purity is 99.5%. NOTE: Due to the highly reactive nature of these materials, packaging in oil is required to reduce the opportunity for oxidation or other reaction.

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