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  • Application and Introduction of Sputtering Target for Semiconductor Chip

    Semiconductor chips have high technical requirements and high prices for sputtered targets. Their requirements for the purity and technology of sputtered targets are higher than those of flat panel displays, solar cells and other applications. Semiconductor chips set extremely strict standards for the purity of sputtering target metal materials, internal microstructure and other aspects. If the impurity content of sputtering target is too high, the film formed can't meet the electrical performance required by use, and in the sputtering process, it is easy to form particles on the wafer, resulting in short circuit or damage of the circuit, which will seriously affect the performance of the film. Generally speaking, the chip manufacturing requires the highest purity of sputtering target metal, which is usually 99.9995% (5N5) or more, while flat panel display and solar cell require 99.999% (5N) or 99.995% (4N5) or more respectively.
    Semiconductor sputtering target application
    The sputtering target is used for the fabrication of the barrier layer and the packaging metal wiring layer. In the wafer manufacturing process, the target material is mainly used to make the wafer conductive layer, barrier layer and metal grid, and in the chip packaging process, the sputtering target material is used to generate the metal layer under the bump, wiring layer and other metal materials. Although the amount of target materials used in wafer manufacturing and chip packaging is small, according to SEMI statistics, the cost of target materials in wafer manufacturing and packaging process accounts for about 3%, but the quality of sputtering target materials directly affects the uniformity and performance of conductive layer and barrier layer, and further affects chip transmission speed and stability, so sputtering target materials are the core raw materials for semiconductor production one of the materials.
    Sputtering target for semiconductor
    In the process of wafer fabrication, sputtering targets for semiconductors are mainly used for the fabrication of conductive layer, barrier layer and metal grid, which are mainly used for aluminum, titanium, copper, tantalum and other metals. AEM deposition, as a professional sputtering target manufacturer, can provide pure metal sputtering targets suitable for semiconductors. See the table below:

    Aluminum Sputtering Target Copper Sputtering Target Tantalum Sputtering Target

    The metal target materials for chip packaging are similar to those for wafer fabrication, mainly including copper, aluminum, titanium, etc. Among them, the main metal targets used in the fabrication of conducting layer are aluminum sputtering target and copper sputtering target, and the main metal targets used in the barrier layer are tantalum sputtering target and titanium sputtering target. The barrier layer has two main functions, one is to block and insulate, to prevent the conductive layer metal from diffusing into the main material silicon of the wafer, and the other is used as adhesion for bonding metal and silicon materials. Generally speaking, aluminum and titanium are used as thin film materials for conductor and barrier layer for wafers above 110 nm technology node, copper and tantalum are used as thin film materials for conductor and barrier layer for wafers below 110 nm technology node. With the reduction of wafer manufacturing process, the proportion of copper target, tantalum target and titanium target for metal grid will continue to increase in the future.
    In addition to semiconductor sputtering targets, AEM deposition can also provide all kinds of pure metal sputtering targets, alloy sputtering targets and ceramic sputtering targets. See the table below for details. Interested friends can click the link below to go to the corresponding product page.

    Pure Metal Sputtering Target Alloy Sputtering Target Oxide Sputtering Target Sulfide Sputtering Target
    Boride Sputtering Target Carbide Sputtering Target Silicide Sputtering Target
    Telluride Sputtering Target Nitride Sputtering Target Fluoride Sputtering Target