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Nickel Evaporation Material (Ni)

Nickel Evaporation Material (Ni)
Material Type Nickel 
Symbol Ni
Atomic Weight 58.6934
Atomic Number 28
Color/Appearance Lustrous, Metallic, Silvery Tinge
Thermal Conductivity 91 W/m.K
Melting Point (°C) 1,453
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 13.4 x 10-6/K
Theoretical Density (g/cc) 8.91
Ferromagnetic Magnetic Material
Z Ratio 0.331
E-Beam Excellent
Thermal Evaporation Techniques Boat:  W***
Crucible:  Al2O3
E-Beam Crucible Liner Material Fabmate®
Temp. (°C) for Given Vap. Press. (Torr) 10-8:  927
10-6:  1,072
10-4:  1,262
Comments Alloys with W/Ta/Mo. Smooth adherent films.

General

Nickel is a hard, lustrous, silvery-white metal. It has a density of 8.91 g/cc, a melting point of 1,453°C, and a vapor pressure of 10-4 Torr at 1,262°C. Its key characteristics are malleability, ductility, and ferromagnetism and its polished surface resists tarnishing when exposed to air. It is the second most abundant element in earth's core next to iron. It is mainly used to make stainless steel, coins, and batteries. It can also be found in jewelry, but its presence has decreased due to skin allergies. When evaporated in vacuum, nickel can form a decorative coating on ceramic surfaces or a solder layer in circuit device fabrication. It is often sputtered to form layers in the production of magnetic storage media, fuel cells.

Material Notes

AEM Deposition provides Nickel pellets, Nickel powder for sale, purity is 99.7%, 99.995%.

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